St. Croix is a Caribbean Island that is a district of the U.S. Virgin Islands and an unicorporated territory of the United States. It covers an area of eighty-three square miles and has a population of about sixty thousand residents. Over the course of its history, St. Croix has been possessed by seven diferent powers. These included Spain, Great Britain, France, Netherlands, Denmark, the Knights of Malta and the United States. But, before the island was visited by these European powers it was home to the Arawake tribes. These tribes planted fields of sweet potatoes, pineapple and manioc and developed extensive trade routes with other Caribbean islands. During the thirteenth century, these indigenous peoples were overtaken by the Carib tribes who arrived from South America.
The first European to visit the island was Christopher Columbus. He named the islands Santa Cruz. The Spanish would occupy the island for over a century and during this time there were extensive battles between them and the Carib people. Eventually, the Spanish abandoned the island. During the seventeenth century, British and Dutch settlers occupied the island, but eventually lost it to the Spanish. The Spanish were then ousted by the French. It passed briefly to the Knights of Malta, but fell into the hands of the Dutch at the beginning of the eighteenth century. The Dutch established extensive sugar plantations and used African slaves as the primary labor force. Stiff competition with U.S sugar producers and the abolition of slavery eventually led to the decline of St. Croix’s sugar industry. In 1917, the United States acquired the island and several other islands for a sum of twenty-five million dollars.
A popular attraction for visitors to St. Croix is the Buck Island National Wildlife Refuge. This wildlife refuge is not located on the island itself, but is situated just north of the island. It is characterized by a rocky coastling that is adorned by coral reefs. Located within the refuge is a lighthouse that is still manned by the United States Coast Guard. Buck Island National Wildlife Refuge covers an area of forty-five acres and is characterized by grasslands and cacti. Considered to be part of the refuge is Buck Island Reef National Monument. Buck Island Reef National Monument is an unoccuppied island that covers an area of one hundred and seventy-five acres. The United States Department of the Interior designated it as a National Monument during the 1940s in order to preserve its unique ecological system. This reef attracts over fifty thousand tourists a year and covers an area of forty-five hundred acres.
Another popular attraction on St. Croix is the Cruzan Rum Distillery. This distillery has been manufacturing rum since 1760 and produces a number of rums which include Cruzan Estate Diamond, Cruzan Tropical Rums, Single Barrel, Estate Light, Estate Dark, Cruzan Clipper, Cruzan 151, Rum Cream and Cruzan Black Strap. Other popular attractions on the island of St. Croix include St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, Frederiksted Pier, Old Danish School, Santa Cruz Brewery, Scale House, D. Hamilton Jackson Park, Steeple Building, Anchor Wall, Suffolk Maid, Little Princess Estate, Paul and Jill’s Equestrian Stables, Sandy Point, Columbus Cove, North Shore, The Rosamarina, Grape Tree Beach, Estate Little La Grange & Lawaetz Museum, Salt River Canyon, Moravian Church, St. George Village Botanical Garden, Fort Christiansvaern, Casino at the Divi Carina Bay, Buccaneer Golf Course, Carmbola Tide Pools, Cruzan Gardens, Ham’s Bluff, Teague Bay, Reef Club Golf Course, Shoy Beach, Estate Mount Washington Plantation, Cormorant Beach Club, St. Croix Ultimate Bluewater Adventures, Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve, Mount Pellier Domino Club, King’s Alley Hotel, Carambola Golf Club, Old Danish Customs House, Fort Frederik, Chenay Bay Beach, Estate Whim Plantation Museum, Carambola Beach Resort & Spa, Rainbow Beach, Buck Island Cove, Hotel Caravelle on St. Croix, The Palms at Pelican Cove, Judith’s Fancy, Hibiscus Beach Hotel, Protestant Cay, St. Croix Water Sports Center and Gecko’s Island Adventures.
Anguilla is a British possession that is located in the Caribbean Sea and is one of the most northernly islands in the Lesser Antilles. The territory is made up of the island of Anguilla and a number of smaller cays and islands that contain no permanent settlement. These smaller islands and cays include Prickly Pear Cays, Hat Island (also known as Sombrero Island), Dog Island, Scrub Island, Seal Island. Amguillita and Sandy Island. Anguilla Island is sixteen miles long and at its widest point is three miles wide.
It covers an area of thirty-five square miles and has a population of fourteen thousand residents. The island is characterized as flat and consisting of coral and limestone. It lays east of Puerto Rico and north of St. Martin. The soil on Anguilla is extremely poor and mainly supports only scrub vegetation. The island is particularly thought of as containing some of the most impressive coral reefs in the world.
Since the soil on Anguilla is considered to be very poor, the island is unfit for agricultural production. The island is also devoid of natural resources, besides coral, so it is also unfit for manufacturing. The island does have the perfect scenery for tourism, however and indeed this is one of its main economic activities. The tourism sector is driving Anguilla’s rapidly expanding economy and this is creating foreign companies to come to the island in search of new opportunities. Other industries on the island include offshore banking, fishing, the insurance industry, offshore incorporation and corporate management.
Moderated by northeasterly trade winds, Anguilla has a tropical climate. There is very little variation in the average temperatures throughout the year and though the climate is considered to be tropical, its usually fairly dry. Temperature ranges are usually between eighty-one and eighty-six degrees Fahrenheit. The island is often vulnerable to hurricanes, especially during the height of the season which last between June throught November.
Anguilla was first occuppied by Amerindian tribes who immigrated to the island from South America. Archeaologists have discover artifacts from their civilization the date all the way to thirteen hundred years before the birth of Christ. The first European contact with the island is currently unknown, but it is believed that Christopher Columbus first sighted Anguilla when he was making his way to the New World in 1493.
The first known settlement of the island is known to have been undertaken by the British in 1650, however. The French temporarily seized the island from the British, but it was subsequently returned under the Treaty of Breda. It remained administered by the British until the nineteenth century until it was incorporated as a British overseas territory.
Prominent attractions on Anguilla include Shoal Bay, Sandy Island, Heritage Collection, Chocolat and Captain Rollins, Scrub Island, Wallblake House, Prickly Pear Cays, Old Factory, Rendezvous Bay, Little Bay, Meads Bay, Scilly Cay, Loblolly Art Gallery, Savanna Bay, Old Prison, Koal Keel, Temenos Golf Club, El Buen Consejo Underwater Archaeological Preserve, Chandeliers Conference Center, Cove Bay, Captain’s Bay, Anguillan Christian Fellowship Church, Bethel Methodist Church, Cheddie Richardson Carving Studio, Sydney’s Museum, Warden’s Place and Trattoria Tramonto. The island is also home to a number of popular restaurants which include Uncle Ernie’s, The Pumphouse, English Rose Restaurant, Tasty’s at the Dune, Oriental Restaurant and Bar, Michel Rostant at the Malliouhana, Koal Keel Restaurant, La Luna Rosa and Deon’s Overlook. Prominent hotels on the island include Arawak Beach Inn, Carimar Beach Club, Ocean Breeze, Malliouhana Hotel and Spa, Spyglass Hill Villa, Kamique Little Harbour Villas and Sirena Hotel.